何でもリトアニア from スウェーデン


by traku7
カレンダー
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リトアニア伝統料理の本

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リトアニアの伝統料理ってどんなもの?という質問にはこの本が最適です。レシピのみならずリトアニアの伝統的な食卓マナ-のお話や、クリスマスやイ-スタ-などの伝統行事の際の料理の話などリトアニアの食習慣にさらっと目を通せるちょっとした読み物としても面白いです。Lithuanian Traditional Foods Baltos Lankos社刊

その昔、家族が食卓について食事をしているときに、お客が訪問してきた場合、お客が「おいしいお食事を」と家族に言い、そして、家族の長が「どうぞ」と返事を返したらそのお客も食卓に混ぜてもらえたそうですが、「ありがとう」という返事が返ってきたら、暗に帰ってくださいという意味だったそうです。私が経験した限りでは基本的にリトアニア人はホスピタリティにあふれているので、どうぞどうぞと食事を勧めてくれると思うのですが、このような習慣が昔はあったようですね。そんな話もこの本に載っています。

私はリトアニア風の黒パン(Duona)を自分で焼いてみようと材料までは買ってみたのですが、生地を寝かすだけでも1週間かかるようなので未だに手付かずのままです。見た目はシンプルですが黒く色をつけたり、少し酸味を出したりする工程は普通の白パンを焼くより複雑です。いつになったら取り掛かる気になるのやら…

下の写真はリトアニアから持ち帰ったDuona。
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[PR]
# by traku7 | 2005-02-15 03:38 | リトアニアつまみ食い

Chapter1 - Walk around Vilnius

This winter I visited my friends in Vilnius to celebrate the new year of 2005 together. It was actually the first time in 5 years for me to step into Lithuania since I left there in1999. Lithuania and Sweden are located close to each other. There is only the Baltic Sea in between and it takes only 2 hours to fly, if it’s direct. I wonder why I didn’t have a chance to go there for such a long time.

Lithuania has changed a lot in these 5 years. I walked around the center of Vilnius with my friends. They took me to a big shopping mall, kind of Åhléns type of department store, whose name is Europa which didn’t exist while I was staying in Lithuania. Then we went to the old town. I was expecting to visit my old favorite café near Vilnius University where I studied the Lithuanian language. The café had an historical court yard and the history goes back to the 16th century. I used to go to the café and in the summer I had a tea break there nearly every day. But I found that the café had disappeared and a new Italian restaurant was open there instead. Furthermore the supermarket I used to buy daily food went out of business.

Like that many of the shops which were familiar to me have gone. On the other hand I noticed that there were new coffee franchise shops and pizza chains expanded. The number of tourists has increased incredibly. The streets were flooded with tourists from Russia, Poland and other European countries. No wonder I couldn’t find any vacancy in hotels in Vilnius during the New Year holiday when I searched on the internet, though there would be no problem because I ordered a private room in my good friend’s place. Surprisingly I could even find guidebooks in Japanese in ordinary bookshops and tourist spots. It was not difficult at all that I found just after a half-day walk on the town that Lithuania was developing so quickly and the capital inflow into Lithuania from the West increased quite much. Five years of absence made the differences more clear to my eyes.

Six years ago I rented a room of an apartment in the old town which was owned by an old Polish woman. She had been staying in Vilnius since Vilnius was only one of the towns of Poland during World War Tow. She spoke only Polish and Russian and understood a tiny little Lithuanian. It was a little difficult to communicate with her. At the beginning I told her that I didn’t understand Polish and Russian at all then she responded to me with an angry tone “Why can’t you speak Russian! You are in Lithuania now!” Once she asked me where Japan was on the map. She had only an atlas of Europe and asked me to point to Japan. She was a person of a good example from the Soviet era. She was a little too old to adjust herself to the new era and lagged behind the current of the times. Her world was limited within Europe and she was still living in USSR in her mind. This time I visited this old apartment but a new lock which wasn’t there before was installed to the entrance door and I couldn’t go in. So I never knew if my old landlady was still living there or not.
[PR]
# by traku7 | 2005-02-10 18:36 | リトアニア再発見(英語コラム)
Lithuania is one of the most interesting countries around the world for me. The country became one of the EU members in 2004 but until getting this status the country had been tossed by the waves of times. Especially the twentieth century was the hardest time for it. The country was occupied and dominated by Russia and German Nazis in turn. It was in 1991 the country regained independency after being forced to be a part of the USSR for nearly half a century. The independence cost 14 lives of unarmed civilians who were killed by the Russian army, while other Baltic States as Estonia and Latvia could become independent with leaving none dead. When it happened I was a high school student and was watching what was happening in the far western part of the Soviet Union on TV-news. That was the first time that I heard of the name of Lithuania. Probably since then I have been keeping something about Lithuania somewhere in my mind.

At that time the world was at the end of the so called Cold War between the Soviet Union and the USA, and the whole Eastern world was still behind the iron curtain, though it had been becoming open little by little by glasnost policy which was started by the then Russian president Mikhail Gorbachev during the1980s. The information of those countries behind the curtain was so scarce and it was hard to know how ordinary people were living. It is in my nature to be curious more about something especially when it’s hidden. I thought I would read Russian at university, but my teacher advised me that there would be no job afterwards even if I study it. I was so realistic and followed his word to change my way to study English and economics instead.

After my studies I started working in Tokyo as a sales representative. My life was nothing related to Russia or it was rather very domestic. Everyday I visited my customers for sales and was out on the town for market research. My only international activities were to travel in the Asian region both privately and on business and exchange letters with friends living in other countries. While I was spending days like this I happened to start exchange letters with two Lithuanian persons. That was the start of my Lithuanian fever. I visited them at the end of 1997 and I totally gave myself up to the Lithuanian people and the country. In September 1998 I was in Vilnius the capital of Lithuania to start studying the Lithuanian language and the culture at Vilnius University for one year.

I would love to write about the past and the present of Lithuania by tying up with my experience in the following chapters.
[PR]
# by traku7 | 2005-02-03 00:15 | リトアニア再発見(英語コラム)
c0025346_57249.jpgリトアニア料理が恋しくなって、家庭で実践しました。


材料は: ジャガイモ 適当
      塩       適量
      胡椒      適量 

作り方は簡単。

①ジャガイモをすりおろす
②塩、胡椒で味付けをする
③ジャガイモの汁が出るので、それを少し捨てる
④焼く

後はサワ-クリ-ムを添えて食べるだけ。

シンプルながら美味で、もちもちとした食感が個性的な料理です。
[PR]
# by traku7 | 2005-01-28 05:18 | リトアニアつまみ食い
リトアニア風水餃子です。元はロシアから来ているという話も聞いていますが、リトアニアではどこのス-パ-でも簡単に買えて、日常に定着しているのでリトアニア風水餃子と言い切ってしまいましょう。具は牛、豚、鳥などが一般的で、ゆでた後、サワ-クリ-ムをつけて食べますが、私のリトアニア人の友人はサワ-クリ-ムにさらに醤油を掛けて食べていました。ミスマッチなようで結構イケます。
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写真はリトアニアから持ち帰ったKoldunaiです。今日のお昼ご飯でした。
[PR]
# by traku7 | 2005-01-10 20:00 | リトアニアつまみ食い